Page 4 of 4 pages
AND THE EARTH-QUAKE
as revealed by the "Gospel Pesher" Codes
excerpted from "Jesus and the Riddle of the Dead Sea Scrolls"
by Dr. Barbara Thiering, PhD
| ' "Barabbas"
A name for Theudas
as the servant (Aramaic bar)
of Jonathan Annas, who could be called Abba,
the Father." Jesus
and the Riddle of the Dead Sea Scrolls --- page 386
"Earthquake" - a name for Theudas as the one who took over and renovated Qumran after the earthquake in the 7th year of Herod's reign.
Antiquities Book 15, Ch. 5 (121) "At this time it was that the fight happened at Actium, between Octavius Caesar and Anthony, in the seventh year of the reign of Herod, and then it was also that there was an earthquake in Judea, such a one as had not happened at any other time, and which earthquake brought a great destruction upon the cattle in that country. (122) About ten thousand men also perished by the fall of houses; but the army, which lodged in the field, received no damage by this sad accident."
"Jesus and the Riddle of the Dead Sea Scrolls" page 41
"Qumran was first used, as a monastery, by Palestinian Essenes, who had come there at the time they were expelled from Jerusalem in the second century BC. But in 31 BC, everything changed. The Qumran building was struck by an earthquake that devastated the whole of the Judean valley. The cistern in which the monks took their daily baths suffered the worst of the shock: one side of the steps dropped a cubit below the other. God, the Essenes believed, had struck their building, declaring it unclean. They abandoned the property, and it stayed desolate for twenty years."
Page 51 "After the earthquake, Qumran was no longer pure enough to be used as a monastery and sanctuary. When it was reoccupied about 11 BC, it was as a centre for celibates who had not fully renounced the world, like the Egyptian Therapautae. They held less strict rules on ritual and moral matters."
Page 171 "The order of Ephraim, Egyptian Therapeutae, had not supported the Herods as rulers, but wanted a return of David kings. Although in the Diaspora, they were on many points in sympathy with the Palestinian Essenes.
They had made a revision of doctrine in 31 BC, shortly before the earthquake, for this and other reasons their leader was called "Earthquake". By allowing a zero decade, they could treat 31 as the beginning of the millennium (solar). Consequently when they joined the anti-Herodian groups, they began their new Exodus ten years later than 21, in 11 BC. Their scheme was:
BC-AD AM-s Event
BC 31 3910 Millennium begins
BC 11 3930 Exodus
AD 30 3970 Holy War
AD 70 4010 End of Holy War
Since the Last Jubilee, now in 3969, was to fall in AD 29 according to the adjustment -- it was possible to combine it the revised Exodus scheme-- the different prophecies came together in the gospel period, making it a time of intense expectation.
It was this group that reoccupied Qumran, some twenty years after the earthquake. The reoccupation gave them a definite starting point for a new order, and forty years later some still believed that the scheme of history revolved around it."
March 19, 33 AD (Thursday)
"In the reproduction "Jerusalem", [at Qumran] , the "Mount of Olives" was the monastery building east of the aqueduct. After the Last Supper Jesus with his companions went across to the building, then turned down to the area of the divided cistern south of the monastery wall."
"There were two hours to wait until midnight, when the test for Simon Magus and his associates would come. Jesus had given evidence of support for Simon [the raising of Lazarus story], and was known to endorse western ways and the Julian calendar [this midnight was the proper time]; Theudas-Barabbas also was in the same party, as a close associate of the tetrarch Antipas."
"If heaven favored Jesus at this time, the sign would come in the place in which he was most identified, the meeting hall of villagers. Both married men and Gentiles were of this rank, and the hall had been built in the place where they assembled when they came to Qumran as pilgrims."
"Jesus, coming to the doorway, said to John Mark, "Sit here", then took Peter, James, and John inside the hall. During the next two hours he wrestled with the question of his loyalties. He was not really on the side of the Magus; he had merely given him personal friendship. It would be a betrayal of his own political position if he was arrested and tried as a zealot. His political sympathies actually lay with Annas, who had also come into the village hall for the midnight vigil. For a time, Jesus turned to him for support, submitting to him, and praying to him as the Father. (Mark 14:35-39) Jesus and the Riddle of the Dead Sea Scrolls --- page 108, 109
March 20, 33 AD (Good Friday)
These events occurred during a time-correction routine at Qumran quite similar to that gone through in our country when we switch between Standard time and Daylight saving time, but in this case three hours were "jumped" not just one!
5 AM old time 8 AM new time -- Pilate arrives from Jerusalem (40
km, 200 stadia, 2 1/2
hours by horse, horse rate 80 st
per hour) He tries and
condemns Simon Magus.
6 AM old time 9 AM new time -- The tetrarch Antipas offers a
bribe for Theudas.
Judas ("this man") is tried in his
place. Jesus is heard also,
defined as the third man, the
King, and made to wait (John
18:31-38, Mark 15:1-5, Luke 23:1-
10, Matt. 27:1-2, 11-14)
7 AM old time 10 AM new time -- Pilate becomes a member [of
the Essenes] by a token
washing of hands, in order to
receive the bribe. He announces
Barabbas is to be released,
and Judas to hang.
(John 18:38-40, Mark 15:6-15,
Matt. 27:15-25, Luke 23:13-19.
AGRIPPA mocks Jesus' claim
to be king in his place,
dressing him in the purple of a
king-bishop, and putting on
him the ascetic crown of thorns
worn by Jonathan Annas
(Stephen "the crown", and the
Thorn, in the flesh).
(John 19:2-5, Mark 15:16-20,
8 AM old time 11 AM new time -- Independent trial of Jesus. No
bribe is offered for him,
and he is condemned. (John
19:8-12, Luke 23:20-21)'
Jesus and the Riddle of the Dead Sea Scrolls --- page 240, 241
Theudas (again an)
assists in Jesus' resurrection!
Noon (old time) 3 PM new time --Jesus cries out --
The snake poison is brought, Jesus
drinks and loses consciousness --
Simon and Judas are placed in
Cave 7. It adjoins Cave 8, used
as a Sabbath latrine by lay
celibates. The entrance is at
its north-west corner, to which
steps lead from the cliff above.
Entry is through a large hole
in the roof, which can be
blocked by a large stone.
Friday 4 PM (new time) --James, who as the Prince and the
Rich Man is responsible for
Cave 8, arrives and opens it
by removing a secondary stone
(lithos, no art.) blocking its
inner entrance. It is used at
4 PM (Matt. 27:52).
James returns to the boundary
of the buildings (Matt. 27:53).
James asks Pilate for permission
to take Jesus down from the
cross (John 19:38). John Mark
tells Theudas (Nicodemus --
Jesus is not dead (Matt. 27:54)
Friday 5 PM (new time) -- Women, using the unclean
area at 5 PM, see Theudas-
Nicodemus wrap Jesus
in linen garments (othonia,
worn by Therapeutae, cf.
Contemp. Life 38), and conceal
under the garments a very large
quantity of aloes and myrrh
(Mark 15:40-41, Luke 23:49,
Matt. 27:55-56, John 19:40).
James asks Pilate for permission
to take Jesus down to the cave.
It is before 6 PM, so James can
still lift a burden. Jesus is
carried down to the cave. James
removes the othonia and dresses
Jesus in a sindon, a garment worn
by Palestinian Essene novices.
Friday 6 PM (New Time)--Pilate is standing at the edge of
the esplanade, supervising the
burials. James asks him for
permission to bury Jesus.
Pilate is told by John Mark
that Jesus is dead. Although he
was surprised, he gives
permission. James wraps Jesus
in an outer sindon, and leaves him
in Cave 8. After 6 PM he can
roll a stone, although not lift
it; he rolls the secondary stone
(lithos) into place, closing
Cave 8. He leaves through the
opening above Cave 7.
(John 19:42, Mark 15:42-46,
Luke 23:54, Matt. 27:57-60).
Friday 7 PM (New Time) --The women have reached the
Queen's House on the plain
after one hour's walk (not
bound by the Sabbath rule).
They can look up at Cave 8.
(Mark 15:47, Lk 23:55-56,
Friday 9 PM (New Time) -- It is time to seal the outer
opening with the main stone.
The chief concern is to
guard Simon Magus,
the "Deceiver" to
Caiaphas (Matt. 27:62-63).
The problem is solved by
putting the chief jailer,
Ananus, on guard; he as a
servant of Agrippa is the
political foe of Simon Magus
Theudas comes on duty as the night guard. He has orders from the tetrarch to ensure the safety of Simon Magus. He knows also that Jesus is not dead. Keeping the Julian Sabbath (which does not begin until midnight), he orders Ananus to help him move the main stone aside (ROLL THAT STONE AWAY!).
The two go down into the cave, move the inner stone, and carry Simon Magus into the western chamber, where he applies the aloes and revives Jesus. Mary Magdalene, in the Queen's House below, sees a light in the chamber."
Matthew 28:1 "In the end of the Sabbath --came Mary Magdalene and the other Mary to see the sepulcre.
2 And behold, there was a great Earthquake:
for the angel of the Lord (Simon Magus) descended from heaven (Cave 7 and 8), and came and rolled back the stone from the door, and sat upon it. 3 His countenance was like lightening, and his raiment white as snow; 4 And for fear of him the keepers did shake, and became as dead men."